Factors Causing Accidents

Ministry of Road Transport & Highways collects data on road accidents from all States/UTs in a format developed as per the Asia Pacific Road Accident Database (APRAD) project of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific (UNESCAP). These data are analyzed and an annual publication titled “Road Accidents in India” is released every year by the Transport Research Wing of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The latest issue of the publication for the year 2009 was released in April 2011. The report contains data on road accidents and related parameters, including factors causing road accidents, for all States/UTs.


The analysis of road accident data received from States/UTs reveals that drivers’ fault is the single most important factor responsible for accidents, fatalities and injuries (78.5%). Some of the other factors responsible for road accidents are as under:


Fault of pedestrian                                          2.2%

Fault of cyclist                                                1.2%

Defect in road conditions                                1.3%

Defect in condition of motor vehicle  1.8%

Weather condition                                          0.8%

All other causes                                              14.2%


NHAI follows Indian Road Congress specifications in the design of highways. Traffic study is carried out by the consultant at the time of preparation of feasibility report /DPR. The consultant proposes a variety of measures like improvement of junctions, provision of underpass/over bridges, pedestrian crossings etc. from the safety perspective. Also, region specific requirements are provided in Indian Roads Congress (IRC) codes. The geometric design of highways factors in variations in terrain, material, traffic, etc. Functions of IRC include preparation of Standards, Codes of practice and guidelines for the planning, design, construction, operation & maintenance of roads and bridges in the country. IRC is not involved in actual designing of specific roads.


This information was given by the Minister of State for Road Transport & Highways Shri Jitin Prasada in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.




(Release ID :77524)